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蒋志培

在网络数字条件下作品合理使用研讨会上的致辞

时间:2017-07-04   出处:中国知识产权司法保护网(知产法网)  作者:  点击:

尊敬的远道英伦而来的康若涵教授,尊敬的各位教授、法官,各位来宾,女士们、先生们:

早晨好!

       很高兴大家来参加本次网络数字条件下作品合理使用的研讨会!

       今天会议的主题,是关于对网络数字化条件下作品权利和版权法下作品合理使用,或者说著作权人与作品最终用户甚或社会大众间权益平衡重要性问题。

        当今,越来越多的在线内容和更大功率及容量的手持电子设备,例如智能手机和平板电脑等被普遍、充分地使用,而那些轻而易举被传播的版权内容,也由使用者、最终用户在使用中又创建许多新的“衍生作品”,并不断地继续被“发酵”。这不但对作品的著作权人,而且对行政监管和争议解决、司法审判都是一场真正的挑战,就如同在世界其他国家、地区所遇到的挑战一样,无论是你是属于英美法系还是大陆法系。

        在中国,我们需要与时具进的版权立法、行政监管和司法来应对新技术的变化,应对侵权盗版的复杂形式和“变种”,但智者总是需要慎重地保留 “技术中立”的一块领地;这样当技术和商业模式飞速改变正向发展时,法律并不会成为绊脚石。

        中国正在从“中国制造”迈向“中国创造”,所以我们更需要一个比以往更能满足未来作者、编剧和制片等权利人需求的版权法。

         这是一个各个领域的领导者和创新者之间合作的绝佳机会。今天我们有来自英国安格利亚鲁斯金大学的康若涵教授,他本人曾是计算机和电信工程师和知识产权律师,将向大家展示该项目的调研方法和成果;北京大学知识产权学院院长张平教授将分析对比世界各国关于合理使用的规定,杨明教授将讨论我国著作权法第三次修改草案中关于合理使用的相关规定;西安交通大学知识产权中心主任马治国教授将主要诠释中国在国际贸易协定中相关的知识产权;尊敬的祝建军法官,深圳中级法院知识产权庭副庭长,同时是深圳大学法学院副院长,拥有知识产权审判实践和理论相结合的经验,将深入探讨著作权管理组织问题。

        本次会议来自英国(安格利亚鲁斯金大学)和中国(北京大学法学院与西安交通大学法学院)法律研究人员之间的合作项目。该合作项目旨在探讨网络数字条件下著作权的合理使用。该项目的合作伙伴们一直在研究在线版权使用议题,并已完成了中国与其他国家,如法国、德国、英国、美国、俄罗斯、日本、韩国和巴西等各国版权法的案头比较研究。同时还完成了在中国的对现行的版权法和第三次修订草案中关于公平使用条款的市场调查研究,对象包括最终用户、图书馆、媒体、企业公司、互联网服务供应商、著作权管理组织和法官。

         会议同时邀请了几位业界资深代表参与今天关于版权权利人和最终用户之间权利合理使用平衡的讨论,这将是一个非常有意义的讨论。我非常期待这场讨论。

        会议组织者已经通过电子邮件向大家转发了本次会议讨论的问题,其中一些将在今天下午的小组讨论中加以解决,所以请在线填写或现场填写(附在会议资料中)、提交调查问卷交给会议工作人员。

       再次感谢大家的参与,现在有请来自英国的康若涵教授就网络数字条件下作品合理使用调研项目的最新进展及调研成果。

     谢谢!

 

Dear Ladies and Gentlemen, all guests:

I am happy to introduce this conference on fair use in the digital domain!

The subject is very important in recognising the balance to be made between those who are rights owners and those who wish to use content under limitations and exceptions to copyright under Chinese law, for work published in the digital domain.

We are seeing more and more content moving online and with greater power and capacity in handheld devices, such as smart phones and tablets, we are likely to see greater use made by end users of content in creating new 'derivative works'. This is a real challenge for copyright owners and also the judiciary and regulatory authorities in China, as it is in other parts of the world, whether a common law or civil law regime.

In China, we need to ensure that we have in place a copyright law that takes account of new changes in technology but that is 'technologically neutral' so that as the technology changes the law does not become redundant.

China is now moving from “made in China to created in China” and so more than ever before we need a copyright law that can meet the needs of future generations of authors, writers and producers.

This is a great opportunity for collaboration between leaders and innovators in their fields. Today, we have speeches from Professor Rohan Kariyawasam from Anglia Ruskin University in the UK, who is himself a computer and telecommunications engineer and IP lawyer, he will update the outcome of the fair use project; Prof Zhang Ping from PKU whom many in the audience will know as one of China's leading IP academics in copyright will be talking about domestic copyright law and fair use; assistant professor Yang Ming also from PKU will be taking about the fair use provisions in the Third Revision draft of China's copyright law, currently with the State Council; Professor Ma Zhiguo, a leading IP practioner from Xi'an Jiaotong University, which has a very good reputation for trade law will be talking about international copyright law and fair use; Judge Zhu, Deputy Judge of the Shenzhen middle Court IP tribunal, deputy dean of Shenzhen university law school, who has a long experience of IP related issues on both practice and academic aspects. Judge Jiang Zhipei will be talking about fair use cases and the relevance of the 3 step test to Chinese judges, and Judge Zhu will be talking about the Copyright Management Organisation (CMO).

This conference has come about through the collaboration between law researchers in the UK (Anglia Ruskin University) and in China (Peking University Law School and Xi'an Jiaotong University Law School). This collaboration has resulted in a project that seeks to investigate fair use of copyright in the digital domain. The project partners have been researching the use of copyright online and have completed desk based comparative research on China's domestic copyright law with other countries, such as France, Germany, the UK, the US, Russia, Japan, Korea and Brazil. The researchers have also completed market research studies across China talking to end users, libraries, media companies, ISPs, all sorts of different companies interested in content, and judges, on the fair use provisions of the current copyright act and the planned third revision.

Also, we have invited representatives from different industries to join is in our panel discussion this afternoon to generate a fascinating discussion of getting the balance right between rights owners and end users with respect to fair use. I am really looking forward to that discussion.

The conference organisers have already emailed each of you a copy of the questions to be addressed by this conference, some of which will be discussed at the panel session this afternoon, and so do please complete the questionnaires either online or hand in a paper copy to the conference staff today.

Without too much delay, I would now like to hand you over to Professor Kariyawasam from the UK, who will talk about the fair use project in the digital domain and provide an overview of the preliminary results of market research completed by the project to-date.

Please join me in welcoming Professor Kariyawasam!  

 

中国知识产权司法保护网(知产法网)主编


蒋志培 中国人民大学法学博士,曾在英国伯明翰大学法学院、美国约翰马歇尔法学院任高级访问学者,中国人民大学法学院、北京外国语大学法学院兼职教授,中国知识产权司法保护网主编、国家社科基金评审委员会专家,2014年、2015年受美国约翰马歇尔法学院、中国驻加拿大使馆和加方科技部邀请参加知识产权法律和创新论坛并演讲,2013年12月获得中国版权事业卓越成就奖。